Unity, the Christian,
and the Church
By Daniel Thompson
The basis for all fellowship
is our common Christian relationship with
God in Christ. To quote 1 John 1:3 fully: “That which we have seen and
heard declare we unto you that ye also may have fellowship with us: and
truly our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son Jesus Christ.”
Fellowship or koinonia is
based, not on mutual understanding of non-redemptive doctrine, but on a
mutual Father, a mutual Savior, and a mutual Spirit.
unity, Election and Christian Foundations
Although the words “elect,” “election,”
“chosen,” etc. have summoned up controversy
again and again in church history, the least we can say with reference
to the New Testament and election is that this theme brings all Christians
into a sphere of unity because all are seen in this manner (i.e. “elect”).
Whether a Christian is new in the Lord or old; whether there are points
of theological difference, all the people of God are seen individually
and corporately as elect, which gives them an equal standing – which in
turn promotes Christian unity.
Note the following: as an individual
Paul was “separated... from his (my)
mother’s whom ... to reveal His [God’s] Son in me”, (Gal 1: 15-16). Rufus
is “chosen in the Lord” (Rom 16: 13), John writes “to the elect Lady” (2
John 1), and Jacob was elect before birth, having done neither good nor
evil (Rom 9:11).
Churches are seen in like manner.
Paul says of the Corinthians that they
were a chosen people neither wise, noble, nor strong (1 Cor 1 :26ff). Paul
could see in the Thessalonicans their election (1 Thess 1:4-5), and the
Ephesians saints were chosen before the foundation of the world (Eph 1:4).
Most important of all, Christians
in general are given the title “elect”
many New Testament passages. Again I say this not to start a debate but
to solidify the equality of Christians toward the end goal of Christian
unity – that is, oneness in Christ. We are called “God’s elect” (Rom 8:33;
Tit 1:1), “the elect of God” (Col 3:12), and “a chosen generation” (1 Pet
2:9). God “chose us from the beginning to salvation” (2 Thess 2:13) and
Paul declared he endured all things “for the sake of God’s elect” (2 Tim
Unity, the Cross, and our New Life
All themes of the supernatural
life that is imparted to a sinner begin
with the love of Jesus Christ. What a deep and unfathomable subject! Christ
died for our sins (1 Cor 15:3); Christ died for the ungodly (Rom 5:6);
He gave His life a ransom for many (Mt 20:28); He laid down His life for
the sheep (Jn 10:11), or quite simply, He gave Himself for us (Tit 2:14).
Christ abolished death, and brought life and immortality to life (2 Tim
1:10). He sought us – as the shepherd the sheep, the woman the coin and
the father the son (Lk 15).
Further, the Word says of the
regenerate New Testament saints that
“all shall know me (the Lord).” all the blessings of the
New Covenant are bestowed on all the people of God: regeneration,
“I will write my laws upon their hearts;” sanctification, “for they
shall all know me, from the least to the greatest;” adoption, “I
will be their God;” and remission/forgiveness, “their sins and iniquities
I shall remember no more.”
Now the cross of Christ and the
Spirit’s indwelling are true of all the
saints of God. Not only is every Christian “elect,’ but all saints are
elect through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling
of the blood of Jesus Christ. Saints both have the love of Christ and communion
of the Holy Spirit (2 Cor 13:14). We have the blood of forgiveness and
the indwelling Spirit.
is the basis of fellowship and communion in Christianity. We have
the same Lord, we have the same Spirit (Eph 4:3,5).
Unity and the Family of God
There is “family” terminology
that touches the core of our relationship as
Christians. It is unfortunate that the doctrine of the “universal’ church
has arisen to negate the proper realm of “body life” in the local assembly
(as any perusal of the New Testament will show, “church” inevitably refers
to a local congregation).
The New Testament’s “universal’
vocabulary which binds us together in
Christ is “family” vocabulary.
by faith in Jesus Christ:
We are sons and daughters of God, 2 Cor 6:18
We are all brethren,
Those older men in the Lord are fathers, 1 Tim 5:1
Those older women in
the Lord are mothers, 1 Tim 5:2
Those younger women in
the Lord are sisters, 1 Tim 5:2
We are all adopted as
children, and have an inheritance in heaven, Eph 1:5,14
We are all of the household
of faith, Gal 6:10
We are all in the family
of God, Eph 3:15
Unity - koinonia or “fellowship” of Saints & the Church
Fellowship and unity are not
radically serious concepts in the church
today. In the first century it was not so. Subsequent to Pentecost, the
new converts “continued steadfastly in the apostles ... fellowship,” Acts
2:42. When persecuted, they “lifted up their voice to God with one accord,”
Acts 4:24. When they assembled together to pray, the place they were in
was shaken by God, Acts 4:31, and when acts of disunity arose, God arose
to deal with it (Acts 5: 1ff).
The verb and noun forms of koinonia/fellowship
are broad and interesting. Most important,
all Christian are involved in this koinonia.
The word itself is variously translated as “contribution,” Rom 15:26; “fellowship,”
1 Cor 1:9; “communion,” 2 Cor 6:14; “partner,’ 2 Cor 8:23; and “companions,”
Heb 10:33. We share fellowship
or “communication” in our faith, communion of
the body of Christ, communion of the Holy Spirit, partners in glory, and
fellowship of ministry, Plm 6; 1 Cor 10:16; 2 Cor 13:14; 1 Pet 5:1; 2 Cor
Unity, Diversity ( Rom 12 & 1 Cor 12) and the Church
Although the Lord has determined
to save sinners from every tribe, tongue,
nation, etc., He has determined just as clearly to bring them together
in their diversity – to edify one another in the unity of gospel faith.
Thus in Romans 12, although there
are many members (12:4) and diversity
of gifts (12:6), the body of Christ was to be one in their diversity of
people and gifts. Paul exhorted the Roman Christians that they were “one
body” (12:4,5), “members one of another” (12:5), and in the diversity of
gifts and their exercise they were to “love without dissimulation” and
“be kindly affectioned one to another with brotherly love,” (12:9,10).
They were to be “of the same mind,” and “in honor, preferring one another,”
1 Corinthians 12 echo’s the sentiments
of Romans 12. The Christian body “is
one,” with “one Spirit” baptizing all, (12:12-13). In the one body there
were many members, and thus much diversity (12:14). Some had great gifts,
and some not, but “God hath tempered the body together, having given more
abundant honour to that part which lacked: that there should be no schism
in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another”
And all has been done as it has
pleased God (12:11,18)!
and Christ’s Commands to Unity
In looking at our Lord’s will,
we must remind ourselves that the “Great
Commission” had Christ’s followers; 1) going (to preach) 2) making disciples,
3) baptizing and 4) teaching the new converts whatsoever I command you.
We are apt because of our Puritan background to think of “command” as the
ten at Sinai. But the Lord’s “commands”
are a common theme in the New Testament (1 Cor 7:10; 14:37; 1 Thess
4:2; 2 Thess 3:6,12; 2 Pet 3:2).
Thus, Jesus Christ our Lord
commands us to “love one another”
(Ju 13:34; 15:12,17), and to be one as He and the Father are one (Jn 17:11,
2 1-23). In this manner there will be beauty in the Church (Ps 133:1).